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USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative (AMLI)

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USGS Professional Paper 1652 (2004)

USGS Professional Paper 1652 cover

Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Basin and Boulder Mining Districts, Boulder River Watershed, Jefferson County, Montana

Edited by D.A. Nimick, S.E. Church , and S.E. Finger; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, 2004, 524 p. (18 Chapters, 2 Plates, 1 CD-ROM) Available online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/2004/1652/.

List of Chapters

  • Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., 2004, Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, 524 p.
  • U.S. Geological Survey, 2004, Summary and conclusions from investigations of the effects of historical mining in the Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana, chap. A in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 3-12.
  • Church, S.E., Nimick, D.A., Finger, S.E., and O'Neill, J.M., 2004, The Boulder River watershed study, Jefferson County, Montana, chap. B in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 13-28.
  • Finger, S.E., Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Sole, T.C., 2004, Synthesis of water, sediment, and biological data using hazard quotients to assess ecosystem health, chap. C in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper1652, p. 29-48.
  • O'Neill, J.M., Lund, Karen, Van Gosen, B.S., Desborough, G.A., Sole, T.C., and DeWitt, D.H., 2004, Geologic framework, chap. D1 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 48-88.
  • McCafferty, A.E., Van Gosen, B.S., Smith, B.D., and Sole, T.C., 2004, Geophysical characterization of geologic features with environmental implications from airborne magnetic and apparent resistivity data, chap. D2 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 89-126.
  • Martin, P.E., 2004, Mine inventory, chap. D3 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 127-136.
  • Fey, D.L., and Desborough, G.A., 2004, Metal leaching in mine-waste materials and two schemes for classification of potential environmental effects of mine-waste piles, chap. D4 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 137-154.
  • Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2004, Trace elements in water in streams affected by historical mining, chap. D5 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 155-190.
  • Kimball, B.A., Runkel, R.L., Cleasby, T.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2004, Quantification of metal loading by tracer injection and synoptic sampling, 1997-1998, chap. D6 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 191-263.
  • Lambing, J.H., Nimick, D.A., and Cleasby, T.E., 2004, Short-term variation of trace-element concentrations during base flow and rainfall runoff in small basins, August 1999, chap. D7 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 263-278.
  • Church, S.E., Unruh, D.M., Fey, D.L., and Sole, T.C., 2004, Trace elements and lead isotopes in streambed sediment in streams affected by historical mining, chap. D8 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 279-336.
  • McDougal, R.R., Cannon, M.R., Smith, B.D., and Ruppert, D.A., 2004, Hydrogeology of the Boulder River watershed study area, and examination of regional ground-water flow using interpreted fracture mapping from remote sensing data, chap. D9 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 337-368.
  • Farag, A.M., Nimick, D.A., Kimball, B.A., Church, S.E., Skaar, Don, and Brumbaugh, W.G., McConnell, Elizabeth, and Hogstrand, Christer, 2004, Aquatic health and exposure pathways of trace elements, chap. D10 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 369-400.
  • Cannon, M.R., Church, S.E., Fey, D.L., McDougal, R.R., Smith, B.R., and Nimick, D.A., 2004, Understanding trace-element sources and transport to upper Basin Creek in the vicinity of the Buckeye and Enterprise mines, chap. E1 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 401-456.
  • Gelinas, S.L., and Tupling, Robert, 2004, Monitoring remediation—Have mine-waste and mill- tailings removal and flood-plain restoration been successful in the High Ore Creek valley? chap. E2 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 457-474.
  • Smith, B.D., McDougal, R.R., and Lund, Karen, 2004, Geologic, geophysical, and seismic characterization of the Luttrell pit as a mine-waste repository, chap. E3 in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 475-494.
  • Finger, S.E., Church, S.E., and Nimick, D.A., 2004, Evaluating the success of restoration in the Boulder River watershed, chap. F in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper1652, p. 495-502.
  • Rich, C.L., Litke, D.W., Granitto, Matthew, Pelltier, R.T., and Sole, T.C., 2004, Digital databases and CD-ROM for the Boulder River watershed, chap. G in Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, p. 503-524.

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Published Reports

View from Eva May mine looking across Cataract Creek valley at Hoodoo Creek drainage.
View from Eva May mine looking across Cataract Creek valley at Hoodoo Creek drainage. Photograph by D.A. Nimick, USGS.

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Data

USGS has created and collected various cartographic, geologic, hydrologic, geochemical, and ecological data sets that are part of a GIS database. The digital data is available online. Illustrations of some of the data sets that will be available are listed below.

Example data image showing watershed boundary.

Shaded relief image and Boulder River watershed boundary.

Example data image with rivers and streams shown.

Shaded relief image and Boulder River watershed boundary. Rivers and streams are marked in blue.

Example data image with mine-related sites marked.

Shaded relief image and Boulder River watershed boundary. Mine Sites are marked in red circles. Rivers and streams are marked in blue.

Note: Images are intended for illustrative purposes only. Tabular attributes in the data sets may not be represented in these images.

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Pictures

Tailings spilled from Buckeye Mine through trees down to Basin Creek in distance.

Tailings spilled from Buckeye Mine through trees down to Basin Creek in distance. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Bullion Mine looking down tailings-strewn slope to Bullion Mine tributary.

Bullion Mine looking down tailings-strewn slope to Bullion Mine tributary (a tributary of Jack Creek). Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Acid mine drainage draining down slope at Bullion Mine.

Acid mine drainage draining down slope at Bullion Mine. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Tributary receiving acid mine drainage at Bullion Mine.

Tributary receiving acid mine drainage at Bullion Mine. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Tailings filling High Ore Creek valley at Comet Mine in 1997 before removal.

Tailings filling High Ore Creek valley at Comet Mine in 1997 before removal. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Tailings filling High Ore Creek valley at Comet Mine in 1998.

Tailings filling High Ore Creek valley at Comet Mine in 1998 after removal by Montana Abandoned Mine Reclamation Bureau. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Mill building at Comet Mine with glory hole in background.

Mill building at Comet Mine with glory hole in background where valley-fill tailings were removed to. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Crystal Mine with adit discharge draining into Uncle Sam Gulch.

Crystal Mine with adit discharge draining into Uncle Sam Gulch on left side of photo. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Flood-plain tailings along Jack Creek (below Bullion Mine).

Flood-plain tailings along Jack Creek (below Bullion Mine) being eroded into stream by runoff in May 1997. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

Small waste/tailings pile on banks of Basin Creek.

Small waste/tailings pile on banks of Basin Creek. Photo credit: David Nimick, USGS.

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